Trump’s win in the United States sparked unprecedented outrage in Latin America. As the new American president introduces aggressive policies on immigration and trade targetting Mexico, Latin American countries have expressed solidarity with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto.
Nieto publicly thanked Latin American governments on 14 February for their support in the increasingly bitter war of words with Trump. As early as January 25, Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa publicly stated his support for Nieto when he said, “the solution to stopping immigration isn’t walls or borders.”
The Argentinian and Brazilian presidents, Mauricio Macri and Michel Temer, voiced their support on February 6th, by stating that the South American free trade bloc Mercosur would further strengthen its ties to Mexico. According to the Colombian daily El Espectador, Uruguay, Bolivia and Chile have also sent similar signals.
The Trump issue and the apparent US mistreatment of their Mexican neighbour could lead to a landmark reconciliation between two competing Latin American organisations.
Currently the countries of Latin America are split between the Mercosur (or Mercosul) and Pacific Alliance organisations. Mercosur, formed in 1991, includes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela (current suspended), as well as five associate members. The Pacific Alliance consists of four countries: Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. Historically, the two organisations are rivals.
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