Canada’s close relationship with America has been rattled by the election of Donald Trump. Canadians are worried about how Trump’s campaign promises — if fulfilled — could reverberate north of the border. Here are the key issues to watch and what Trump has said about each.
Donald Trump made radically overhauling U.S. trade arrangements a key issue in his campaign, and this issue could have the greatest effect on Canada after he takes power.
The president-elect campaigned on a pledge to force Canada and Mexico to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement, to provide greater benefits to U.S. businesses.
If the countries don’t agree on a new deal, Trump has promised to leave NAFTA completely.
Combined with a pledge to withdraw from trans-Pacific Partnership talks and take a more aggressive line on trade with China, Trump pitched isolationism and independence as a way to increase jobs, fix crumbling infrastructure, even reduce crime.
“All of these things, and so much more, are possible. But to accomplish them, we must replace the present policy of globalism — which has moved so many jobs and so much wealth out of our country — and replace it with a new policy of Americanism,” Trump said in a September speech.
Approximately $51 billion in goods cross the Canada-U.S. border per month, according to TD Economics.
Hard-won progress in the fight against climate change will be dramatically rolled back if Trump sticks to his word.
Trump vowed to back the United States out of the 2015 Paris agreement, a landmark international climate treaty aimed at curbing emissions and limiting global temperature increases.
Trump has also pledged to revive the coal industry, relax restrictions on polluters, and expand exploration and drilling for fossil fuels.
The Paris agreement, ratified by the House of Commons in October, commits almost 200 nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions with a goal of limiting global temperature increases to under 2 degrees Celsius. The U.S. and China, the world’s two largest emitters of greenhouse gasses, were crucial to reaching the deal.
Trump previously suggested climate change is a “hoax” perpetuated by China to hurt U.S. business. Kellyanne Conway, Trump’s campaign manager, said in September that Trump believes climate change is “naturally occurring.”
It’s unclear what Trump’s energy agenda will mean for Canada, where the Liberal government has made environmental protection one of their main priorities. In October, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced Ottawa would enforce a national carbon-pricing plan.
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